Energy in Turkey and Renewable Energy in Private Sector
When Turkey’s Electricity Energy Production Statistics are analyzed, it is found that the total electrical energy production at the end of August 2020 is 198.987 GWh, and the total electrical energy installed power is 92.889 MW.
When the installed power data is compared with the 2019 data as a percentage, it is observed that the change in the data is very small. In addition, the top five rankings of the installed powers by the end of August 2020 on the basis of resources are as follows: Hydraulic 32.04%, natural gas 27.57%, renewable (geothermal, wind, solar and waste and garbage) 18.21%, lignite 10.87% and imported coal 9.65%.
As of the end of August 2020, the share of solar energy in the total electrical energy produced was 4.11%, while the share of the installed power in the total electrical energy was 6.71%.
On the other hand, Türkiye Elektrik İletim Anonim Şirketi’s data for November 2020 is given below. As can be seen, the most important resources are natural gas cycle power plants and dam-HEPPs. According to these statistics, solar power plants have a great advantage in unlicensed renewable energy plants.
When the change in the installed power according to the resources is observed, it can be seen that investments and production in renewable energy gained momentum and started to take a significant share, especially after 2010.
All these statistics and research show that the understanding of energy production in the world is shifting towards renewable energy. This situation is not different in Turkey. Governments support energy production as a requirement of state policy, and they attach importance to renewable energy production in particular.